TENSES

25 Dec 2009

    1. SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE

Simple present tense adalah suatu bentuk kalimat yang menyatakan suatu bentuk perbuatan atau peristiwa yang terjadi pasda saat sekarang atau kejadian yang merupakan kebiasaan sehari-hari.

RUMUS:

Bentuk Nominal

I + To Be (Am) + Complement

You/We/They + To Be (Are) + Complement

He/She/It + ToBe (Is) + Complement

Contoh : (+) I am here every Sunday

Bentuk Verbal

I/You/We/They + Verb 1 + Object/Adverb

He/She/It + Verb 1 + s/es + Object/Adverb

Contoh : (?) Do you study English at school ?

    2. SIMPLE PAST TENSE

Simple past tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang terjadi pada waktu lampau.

RUMUS

Bentuk Nominal

You/We/They + To Be (Were) + Complement

He/She/It/I + ToBe (Was) + Complement

Contoh : (+) I was in Bali last Week.

Bentuk Verbal

I/You/We/They/He/She/It + Verb 2 + Object/Adverb

Contoh : (+) They went to Malang last night.

    3. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

Present perfect tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang telah selesai di waktu sekarang.

RUMUS

[Bentuk Nominal

I/You/We/They + Have +Been + Complement

He/She/It + Has +Been + Complement

Contoh : (+) We have been here since morning.

Bentuk Verbal

I/You/We/They + Have + Verb 3 + Object/Adverb

He/She/It + Has + Verb 3 + Object/Adverb

Contoh : (-) I havent seen you for a long time.

    4. PAST PERFECT TENSE

Past perfect tense digunakan untuk menerangkan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang sudah selesai dilakukan pada waktu lampau.

RUMUS

Bentuk Nominal

I/You/We/They/He/She/It + Had + Been + Complement

Contoh : (+) They had been at school since morning.

Bentuk Verbal

I/You/We/They/He/She/It + Had + Verb 3 + Object/Adverb

Contoh : (-) I hadnt studied English when my father came here.

    5. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Present Perfect Continuous Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang dimulai dari waktu lampau dan masih terus berlangsung hingga waktu sekarang.

RUMUS

Bentuk Verbal

I/You/We/They + Have + Been + Verb 1-ing + Object/Adverb

He/She/It + Has +Been + Verb 1-ing + Object/Adverb

Contoh : (+) I have been waiting here since two oclock.

(+) My uncle has been living in Bandung since 1990.

    6. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Past Perfect Continuous Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang sudah dimulai pada waktu lampau dan masih berlangsung terus hingga pada waktu yang lampau pula.

RUMUS

Bentuk Verbal

I/You/We/They/He/She/It + Had + Been + Verb 1-ing + Object/Adverb

Contoh : (-) She hadnt been watching the program television when I finished my studied.

(+) He had been trying over and over again to solve the problem.

    7. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Present Continuous Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang sedang berlangsung dan belum selesai di waktu sekarang.

RUMUS

I + To Be (Am) + Verb 1-ing + Object/Adverb

You/We/They + To Be (Are) + Verb 1-ing + Object/Adverb

He/She/It + ToBe (Is) + Verb 1-ing + Object/Adverb

Contoh : (?) Is he watching the program television.

(-) I am not studying English

    8. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE

Past Continuous Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang sedang berlangsung pada waktu lampau ketika kejadian lain terjadi.

RUMUS

Bentuk Verbal

You/We/They + To Be (Were) + Verb 1-ing + Object/Adverb

He/She/It/I + ToBe (Was) + Verb 1-ing + Object/Adverb

Contoh : (+) I was sleeping when you phoned me.

(?) What were you doing before you came here ?

    9. PRESENT FUTURE TENSE

Present Future Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang terjadi pada waktu yang datang.

RUMUS

Bentuk Nominal

He/She/It/We/They + Will + Be + Complement

I/We + Will/shall + Be + Complement

Contoh : (+) He will be here to night.

Bentuk Verbal

He/She/It/We/They + Will + Verb 1 + Object/Adverb

I/We + Will/shall + Verb 1 + Object/Adverb

Contoh : (+) She will come there, if you ivite her.

    10. PAST FUTURE TENSE

Past Future Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang akan terjadi pada waktu lampau.

RUMUS

Bentuk Nominal

I/You/We/They/He/She/It + Should/Would + Be + Complement

Contoh : (?) Should we be there last night?

Bentuk Verbal

I/You/We/They/He/She/It + Should/Would + Verb 1 + Object/Adverb

Contoh : (-) You should not go to school if you are still sick.

11. PRESENT FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Future Perfect Continuous Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang sudah dimulai pada waktu lampau tetapi masih ada kemungkinan dilanjutkan pada waktu yang akan datang.

RUMUS

Bentuk Verbal

I/You/We/They/He/She/It + Shall/Will + Have + Been + Verb 1-Ing + Object/Adverb

Contoh : (-) He will not have been studying at the university for seven years by the end of this year.

(+) We will have been attending thr English course here for six months by next month.

12 PAST FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang akan sudah sedang berlangsung pada waktu lampau.

RUMUS

Bentuk Verbal

I/You/We/They/He/She/It + Should/Would + Have + Been + Verb 1-Ing + Object/Adverb

Contoh : (-?) Wouldnt you have been teaching in the high school for five years ?

(+) They would have been waiting for three hour, by last Sunday.

13. PRESENT FUTURE PERFECT TENSE

Future Perfect Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang sudah dimulai pada waktu lampau dan segera selesai pada waktu yang akan datang.

RUMUS

Bentuk Nominal

I/You/We/They/He/She/It + Shall/Will + Have + Been + Complement

Contoh : (-) She will not has been at home by the end of this week.

Bentuk Verbal

I/You/We/They/He/She/It + Shall/Will + Have + Verb 3 + Object/Adverb

Contoh : (+) We shall have arrived at school at 7 oclock.

14. PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE

Past Future Perfect Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang akan sudah selesai pada waktu lampau atau menyatakan pengandaian yang tidak mungkin terjadi karena syaratnya sudah pasti tidak akan terpenuhi.

RUMUS

Bentuk Nominal

I/You/We/They/He/She/It + Should/Would + Have + Been + Complement

Contoh : (-) I should not have been there if they had not invited me.

Bentuk Verbal

I/You/We/They/He/She/It + Should/Would + Have + Verb 3 + Object/Adverb

Contoh : (-) He wouldnt have come here if I had not phone him.

15. PRESENT FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE

Future Continuous Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang akan sedang berlangsung di waktu tertentu di masa yang akan datang.

RUMUS

Bentuk Verbal

I/We + Shall + Be + Verb 1-Ing + Object/Adverb

You/They/He/She/It + Will + Be + Verb 1-Ing + Object/Adverb

Contoh : (+) We shall be waiting for him after dinner time tonight.

(+) She will be helping Anna tomorrow.

16. PAST FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE

Past Future Continuous Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau peristiwa yang akan sedang berlangsung.

RUMUS

Bentuk Verbal

I/You/We/They/He/She/It + Should/Would + Be + Verb 1-Ing + Object/Adverb

Contoh : (+) My mother would be preparing breakfast at this hour yesterday morning.

(-) They shouldnt be sitting here.


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  • muhamadriky 7 years ago

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